The new generation of Apple Mac comes with the new Apple Silicon (M1) chip which has an Arm architecture (as opposed to the older generation that had i386 Intel processor). This brings all manner of troubles and requirements for the development of codes. Here I detail how to install Underworld on Mac OSX Big Sur 11.5.2 (Apple Silicon) using Python 3.9
Important Note: The following guide uses the CMake branch of Underworld.
I installed Python 3 (3.9.7) using Homebrew:
brew install python3
I also installed PETSc (3.15.4) using Homebrew. The default comes with hdf5, open-mpi.
brew install petsc
Create a python virtual environment
python3 -m venv uw2_virtualenv
Activate the environment
H5py is notoriously difficult to get right... Here is how I do it.
# Install dependencies pip3 install numpy cython pkgconfig mpi4py HDF5_DIR=/opt/homebrew/Cellar/hdf/1.12.1 pip3 install h5py --no-build-isolation --no-binary :all:
At the time I am writing this post, the version of HDF5 that comes with PETSc is 1.12.1. This will change in the future so you will have to update that line.
The no-build-isolation option forces pip to skip creating a build environment and to rely on the dependencies being already available (Numpy, pkgconfig, cython, mpi4py).
Install Underworld 2
First you will probably need to have CMake and Swig if you don't have them already.
brew install cmake swig
Now get Underworld from GitHub and switch to the cmake branch
git clone https://github.com/underworldcode/underworld2.git cd underworld2 git checkout cmake cd ..
Finally install Underworld
pip3 install underworld2/
/ is important.
Test your installation
python3 -c "import underworld as uw"