Underworld Code

Read about the underworld software and applications A collection of 8 posts
Viscoelasticity in Underworld2
Geodynamics

Viscoelasticity in Underworld2

Viscoelastic materials exhibit the properies of both solids and liquids, with deformation rates dependent on both the viscous stress and elastic stress rate.  In a Maxwell viscoelastic material the strain rate $D$ is proportional to the sum of the stress $\tau$ and the stress rate $\dot\tau$, \begin{equation} D_
Craton Formation and the Onset of Plate Tectonics
Geodynamics

Craton Formation and the Onset of Plate Tectonics

(they don't make them like they used to ... ) Cratons are anomalously-strong regions of the continents that have largely resisted tectonic forces for billions of years. How such strong zones could be forged in a hot, low-viscosity, low stress,  early-Earth has been a long-standing puzzle for geologists. Adam Beall, Katie Cooper
4 min read
Modelling Drips and Delamination with Underworld
Geodynamics

Modelling Drips and Delamination with Underworld

Modelling the relative time-scales of the Rayleigh-Taylor Instability and delamination, using Underworld With Adam Beall, Cardiff University. Why model sub-continental gravitational instabilities? Within the plate tectonics framework, continents are generally considered to have a much lower density than the asthenosphere below and therefore avoid the kind of recycling that the
7 min read
Using physical units in Underworld
Underworld Code

Using physical units in Underworld

Using physical units and how to appropriately scale a model is a top question users ask when beginning with Underworld. The equations Underworld solves are stated in a physically correct form, they remain valid as long as every material constant, geometry, time, etc., are expressed in the same system. There
2 min read
Shear Bands with Dilatancy modelled with Underworld
Geodynamics

Shear Bands with Dilatancy modelled with Underworld

In honour of Hans Mühlhaus' 70th birthday this month, here are some shear band simulations made with Underworld. We are investigating the role of dilatancy in the geometry of the shear bands for a box of material when a small trapdoor is opened. The extent to which large-scale deformation is
1 min read
Underworld2 Workshop at CIG 2016 Meeting
Underworld Code

Underworld2 Workshop at CIG 2016 Meeting

Underworld2 is a python-friendly version of the Underworld geodynamics code which provides a programmable and flexible front end to all the functionality of the code running in a parallel HPC environment. This gives signficant advantages to the user, with access to the power of python libraries for setup of complex
1 min read
Underworld 2
Underworld Code

Underworld 2

(aka the Underworld renovation project) Underworld is our parallel, particle-in-cell, finite element geodynamics code [1]. For the past year or so, the Underworld team has been working on a refurbished user interface. We've known for a long time that it needed to be done but we finally bit the bullet.
7 min read
The Dynamics of Continental Accretion
Geodynamics

The Dynamics of Continental Accretion

Congested subduction In a recent paper [1], we used Underworld models to examine subduction congestion associated with the ingestion of a continental ribbon. The SE Australian geological record turned out to be a wonderful place to study this process. Here is a short summary of the work for a relatively
5 min read